published articles



Mass Shootings in America: Consensus Recommendations for Healthcare Response
Goolsby C, Schuler K, Krohmer J, Gerstner D, Weber N, Slattery D, Kuhls D, Kirsch TD. J Am Coll Surg, Jan 2023; 236(1):168-175
doi: 10.1097/XCS.0000000000000312


Opportunities to Strengthen the National Disaster Medical System: The Military-Civilian NDMS Interoperability Study 
Kirsch TD, Lee CJ, Kimball MM, Gill KB, Sisson AR, Sizemore WL, Adeniji AA, Klimczak VL, Deussing EC. Health Security, 2022; 20(4):339-347
doi: 10.1089/hs.2021.0221

Heroism is Not A Plan – From ‘Duty to Treat’ to ‘Risk and Rewards’
Kirsch TD.  Am J Bioeth. Dec 2022; 22(12):3-6 
doi: 10.1080/15265161.2022.2043022

A Discrete-event Simulation Model of Hospital Patient Flow Following Major Earthquakes 
Basaglia A, Van de Lindt J, Kirsch TD, Spacone E. Intl J of Disaster Risk Reduction, March 2022

Utilization of the TRAIN Learning Network for Online Disaster Medicine and Public Health Training During the COVID-19 Pandemic 
Malcolm T, Quintanilla N, Plotkin I, Kirsch TD. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Sept 2022 
doi: 10.1017/dmp.2022.220 

A Flatter Curve Affords Hospitals Greater Time to Prepare and Improved Response to a Pandemic Surge 
Miller-Hooks E, TariVerdi M, Prentiss D, Kirsch TD. Healthcare Analytics, Nov 2022

The Impact of Medical School on Military Physicians’ Readiness for Their First Deployment 
Cole R, Rudinsky S, Conley S, Votja L, Kwon S, Garrigan A, Proseck E, Goolsby C. Military Medicine,July 2022;187(7-8):e995-e1006
doi: 10.1093/milmed/usac049

Models for Assessing Strategies for Improving Hospital Capacity for Handling Patients during a Pandemic 
Shahverdi B, Miller-Hooks E, TariVerdi M, Ghayoomi H, Prentiss D, Kirsch TD. Disaster Med Public Health Prep, Jan 2022, 10; 1-10 
doi: 10.1017/dmp.2022.12

The National Disaster Medical System and Military Combat Readiness: A Scoping Review
Lee CJ, Allard RJ, Adeniji AA, Quintanilla N, Kirsch TD. J Trauma Acute Care, Aug 2022; 93(2S): S136-S146
doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000003703



The COVID-19 Pandemic Challenge to the All-Hazards Approach for Disaster Planning
Peleg K, Bodas M, Hertelendy AJ, Kirsch TD. Intl  J Disaster Risk Reduction, 2021;(55):1-5

Emergency Physician Risk of Occupational Mortality: A Scoping Review 
Goolsby C, Lala V, Gebner R, Dacuyan-Faucher N, Charlton N, Schuler K. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open, Oct 2021;2(5):e12554
doi: 10.1002/emp2.12554.

Provider Fatigue During Direct Manual Compression for Life-Threatening Bleeding 
Charlton N, Schuler K, Ho C, Hatten J, Woods W, Goolsby C. Cureus. August 2021; 13(8): E17487
doi: 10.7759/cureus.17487

The FAST VIP (First Aid for Severe Trauma Virtual In-Person) Educational Study 
Goolsby C, Schuler K, Rodzik R, Charlton N, Lala V, Anderson K, Pellegrino J. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. ePub June 2021; 22(4):951-957
doi: 10.5811/westjem.2021.2.50033

Appropriate Tourniquet Types in the Pediatric Population: A Systematic Review
Charlton N, Goolsby C, Zideman D, Maconochie I, Morley P, Singletary E. Cureus. April 13, 2021. 13(4):e14474
doi: 10.7759/cureus.14474

High School Students Can Stop the Bleed: A Randomized, Controlled Educational Trial 
Goolsby C, Rojas L, Rodzik R, Gausche-Hill M, Neal M, Levy M. Academic Pediatrics. March 2021;21(2):321-328
doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2020.05.012

Tourniquet Use in Animal Attacks: An Analysis of News Media Reports 
Wend C, Goolsby C, Schuler K, Fischer S, Levy M. Cureus, March 16, 2021; 13(3):E13926
doi: 10.7759/cureus.13926


Reexaming Health Care Coalitions in Light of COVID-19
Barnett DJ, Knieser L, Erret NA, Rosenblum AJ, Seshamani M, Kirsch TD. Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 2020
doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.431

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats that Impact Disaster Health Research 
Kirsch TD, Strauss-Riggs K. Reed P, Sauer L. Am J Disaster Medicine, 2020; 15(3):169-185

An Analysis of After Action Reports from Texas Hurricanes in 2005 and 2017
Barnett DJ, Strauss-Riggs K, Klimczak VL, Rosenblum AJ, Kirsch TD. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2020

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Competencies and Training Pertinent to the Military Health System 
Reed P, Laib J, Strauss Riggs K, Kirsch TD. J Mil Learning. April, 2020:4(1):19-35


US governmental spending for disaster-related research, 2011-2016: Characterizing the state of science funding across five professional disciplines
Keim ME, Kirsch TD, Lovallo A. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. May 2019
doi: 10.1017/dmp.2019.14 [In Press]
Characterizing the current state of training courses available to US disaster professionals
Kirsch TD, Keim ME, Strauss-Riggs, K. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. May 2019
doi: 10.1017/dmp.2019.15 [In Press]
A Resource-Constrained, Multi-Unit Hospital Model for Operational Strategies Evaluation under Routine and Surge Demand Scenarios
TariVerdi M, Miller-Hooks E, Kirsch TD, Levin S. IISE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering. April 2019
Layperson Ability and Willingness to Use Hemostatic Dressings: A Randomized, Controlled Trial
Goolsby CA, Rojas L, Moore K, Kretz E, Singletary E, Klimczak V, Charlton N. Prehosp Emerg Care. March 2019
The need for a national strategy to assess and reduce disaster-related mortality in the US
Keim ME, Kirsch TD, Alleyne EO, Benjamin G, DeGutis L, Dyjack D, Burkle FM. Am J Public Health. March 2019
Just-in-Time Instructions for Layperson Tourniquet Application
Goolsby CA, Kellermann AL, Kirsch TD. JAMA Surg. January 2019
From the Battlefield to Main Street: Tourniquet Acceptance, Use, and Translation from the Military to Civilian Settings
Goodwin T, Moore K N, Pasley JD, Troncoso R, Levy MJ, Goolsby CA. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. January 2019
Equipping Public Spaces to Facilitate Rapid Point-of-Injury Hemorrhage Control After Mass Casualty
Goolsby CAStrauss-Riggs K, Rozenfeld M, Charlto N, Goralnick E, Peleg K, Levy MJ, Davis T, Hurst N. Am J Public Health. January 2019


Building community resilience: A scalable model for hemorrhage-control training at a mass gathering site, using the RE-AIM framework
Chaudhary MA, McCarty J, Shah S, Hashmi Z, Caterson E, Goldberg S, Goolsby CA, Haider A, Goralnick E.  Surgery. November 2018
Can they stop the bleed? Evaluation of tourniquet application by individuals with varying levels of prior self-reported training
McCarty JC, Caterson EJ, Chaudhary MA, Herrera-Escobar JP, Hashmi ZG, Goldberg SA, Goolsby CA, Lipsitz S, Haider AH, Goralnick E. Injury. September 2018
Post-Mortem Evaluation of Potentially Survivable Hemorrhagic Deaths in a Civilian Population
Goolsby CA, Rouse E, Rojas L, Goralnik E, Levy MJ, Kirsch TD, Eastman AL, Kellermann A, Strauss-Riggs K, Hurst N. J Am Coll Surgeons. September 2018
Disaster Response 2.0: Noncommunicable disease essential needs still unmet
Horn RB, Kirsch TD. Am J Public Health. September 2018
Emergency Physicians at War
Muck AE, Givens M, Bebarta VS, Mason PE, Goolsby CA. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine: Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health. April 2018
Orthopedic Knowledge and Need in the Provincial Philippines: Pilot Study of a Population-Based Survey
Courtney CS, Kirsch TD. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. April 2018
Multidisciplinary Difficult Airway Course: An Essential Educational Component of a Hospital-Wide Difficult Airway Response Program
Leeper WR, Haut ER, Pandian V, Nakka S, Dodd-o J, Bhatti N, Saheed M, Dalesio N, Miller C, Schiavi A, Hunt E, Kirsch TD, Berkow L. J. Surgical Ed. April 2018
Strategies for Improved Hospital Response to Mass Casualty Incidents
TariVerdi M, Miller-Hooks E, Kirsch TD. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. March 2018
Enhancing Global Health Security: US Africa Command’s Disaster Preparedness Program
Morton Hamer MJ, Reed PL, Greulich JD, Beadling CW. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. March 2018
Brief, Web‐Based Education Improves Lay Rescuer Application of a Tourniquet to Control Life‐Threatening Bleeding
Goolsby CA, Strauss‐Riggs K, Klimczak V, Gulley K, Rojas L, Godar C, Raiciulescu S, Kellermann AL, Kirsch TD. AEM Education and Training. February 2018
Stop the Bleed Education Consortium: Education program content and delivery recommendations
Goolsby CA, Jacobs L, Hunt RC, Goralnick E, Singletary EM, Levy MJ, Goodloe JM, Epstein JL, Strauss-Riggs K, Seitz SR, Krohmer JR, Nemeth I, Rowe DW, Bradley RN, Gestring ML, Kirsch TD. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. January 2018


Health Care Coalitions as Response Organizations: Houston After Hurricane Harvey
McCarty JC, Caterson EJ, Chaudhary MA, Herrera-Escobar JP, Hashmi ZG, Goldberg SA, Goolsby CA, Lipsitz S, Haider AH, Goralnick E. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. December 2017
Evidence-based Guidelines for Supportive Care of Patients with Ebola Virus Disease
Lamontagne F, Fowler RA, Adhikari NK, Murthy S, Brett-Major DM, Jacobs M, Uyeki TM, Vallenas C, Norris SL, Fischer WA, Fletcher TE, Levine AC, Reed PL, Bausch DG, Gove S, Hall A, Shepherd S, Siemieniuk RA, Lamah MC, Kamara R, Nakyeyune P, Soka MJ, Edwin A, Hazzan AA, Jacob ST, Elkarsany MM, Adachi T, Benhadj L, Clément C, Crozier I, Garcia A, Hoffman SJ, Guyatt GH. Lancet. October 2017
Systematic Review of Live Tissue Versus Simulation Education for Prehospital Trauma Providers
Goolsby CA, Branting A, Ausman J, Williams D, Ausman C, David J, Allard R. Military Medicine. September 2017
Battlefield to bedside: Translating wartime innovations to civilian Emergency Medicine
Givens M, Muck A, Goolsby CA. American Journal of Emergency Medicine. August 2017
Regions Respond to Catastrophes
Kirsch TD, Schlegelmilch J, Strauss-Riggs K, Chandler T, Redlener I. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. August 2017
Improvised vs. Commercial Tourniquets
Levy MJ, Goolsby CA, Eastman AL. JAMA. August 2017
Caring for Older Adults in Disasters: A Special Collection of Papers for a Special Population
Gulley K, Strauss-Riggs K, Goolsby CA. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. February 2017
Translating Battlefield Practices to Disaster Health
Strauss-Riggs K, Yeskey K, Miller A, Arnesen S, Goolsby CA. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. February 2017
Innovations for Tomorrow: Summary of the 2016 Disaster Health Education Symposium
Gulley K, Strauss-Riggs K, Kirsch TD, Goolsby CA. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. January 2017
Liberia National Disaster Preparedness Coordination Exercise: Implementing Lessons Learned from the West African Disaster Preparedness Initiative
Morton Hamer MJ, Reed PL, Greulich JD, Beadling CW. Am J Disaster Med. January 2017


The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative: Strengthening National Capacities for All-Hazards Disaster Preparedness
Morton Hamer MJ, Reed PL, Greulich JD, Kelen GD, Bradstreet NA, Beadling CW. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. November 2016
Republic of Senegal Disaster Preparedness and Response Exercise: Lessons Learned and Progress Toward Key Goals
Morton Hamer MJ, Jordan JJ, Reed PL, Greulich JD, Gaye DB, Beadling CW. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. July 2016
Delivering Flexible Education and Training to Health Professionals: Caring for Older Adults in Disasters
Altman B, Gulley K, Rossi C, Strauss-Riggs K, Schor K. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. April 2016


Just-in-Time to Save Lives: A Study of Layperson Tourniquet Application
Goolsby CA, Branting A, Chen E, Mack E, Olsen C. Academic Emergency Medicine. August 2015


Enhancing the Translation of Disaster Health Competencies Into Practice
Walsh L, Altman B, King RV, Strauss-Riggs K. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. March 2014


Proposals for Aligning Disaster Health Competency Models
Schor K, Altman B. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. April 2013


Toward a Pediatric Disaster Health Core Curriculum
Strauss-Riggs K, Schor K, Altman B. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. June 2012
Core Competencies for Disaster Medicine and Public Health
Walsh L, Subbarao I, Gebbie K, Schor K, Lyznicki J, Strauss-Riggs K, Cooper A, Hsu E, King R, Mitas J, Hick J, Zukowski R, Altman B, Steinbrecher R, James J. Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. March 2012


Public Health Preparedness of Post-Katrina and Rita Shelter Health Staff
Brahmbhatt D, Chan J, Hsu E, Mowafi H, Kirsch TD, Quereshi A, Greenough PG. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. December 2009


Burden of disease and health status among Hurricane Katrina-displaced persons in shelters: A population-based cluster sample
Greenough GP, Lappi, MD, Hsu E, Fink S, Hsieh YH, Vu A, Heaton C, Kirsch TD. Ann Emerg Med. March 2014


A Comparative Analysis of Two External Health Care Disaster Responses Following Hurricane Katrina
Millin M, Jenkins L, Kirsch TD. Prehosp Emerg Care. July 2006