Winter Weather Emergencies
Winter weather and storms can range from mild to severe, and can include dangerously low temperatures, snow, sleet, and hail, along with strong and blinding winds. These storms can affect wide geographic areas, and may contribute to serious health and safety concerns.
Contribute to "a nation of resilient communities" by educating yourself and others on disaster health topics related to winter weather. NCDMPH has gathered resources to assist health professionals in preparing for winter weather. By providing these resources, the National Center aims to foster resilience through learning. The organization of this content is intended to facilitate self-directed learning as well as provide materials for educators. This is an initial effort and we will continue to add to these resources.
Ideas for educators who are teaching health professionals interested in learning content or activities related to health impacts of winter weather emergencies may be found here.
Latest updates are indicated by under individual sections.
National Library of Medicine Disaster Information Management Research Center: Weather and Storms
National Weather Service: Winter Windchill Chart
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Winter Weather FAQs
American Academy of Pediatrics: Winter Storm Tips
CDC National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH): Cold Stress
American Red Cross: Winter Storm Preparedness
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): Winter Storms & Extreme Cold
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of Commerce, National Weather Service, American Red Cross: Winter Storms - The Deceptive Killers
Xu G. et al. Incidences, Types, and Influencing Factors of Snow Disaster-Associated Injuries in Ningbo, China, 2008. Disaster Medicine and Public Health 2012 Dec; 6 (4): 363-9
US Department of Health and Human Services (Flu.gov): Seasonal Flu
Analitis, A., et al. Effects of Cold Weather on Mortality: Results from 15 European Cities Within the PHEWE Project. American Journal of Epidemiology 2008; 168 (12): 1397-1408
Mercer, JB. Cold - An Underrated Risk Factor for Health. Environmental Research 2003; 92 (1): 8-13
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety: Health Effects of Cold
Nayha, S.: Cold and the risk of cardiovascular diseases. A review. Int J Circumpolar Health 2002 Nov; 61 (4): 373-80
Smirniotopoulos, James. Dangers of Carbon Monoxide: MedPix COW No. 699 (YouTube)
CDC, NIOSH: Cold Stress
Levy, JL, et al: A novel intervention for decreasing hospital crowding following the blizzards of 2010. Am J Disaster Med 2011 Jul-Aug 6; (4): 255-8
Gaynor, PT. Snow: Building a better all-hazards response. J Bus Contin Emer Plan 2013 Summer; 6 (4): 314-21
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: Hospital Evacuation Decision Guide
American Red Cross: Winter Storm Safety Checklist
FEMA: U.S. Fire Administration:Winter Fire Safety
National Fire Protection Association: Put a Freeze on Winter Fires
US National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health: Medline Plus: Coping with Disasters
US National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health: Medline Plus: Seasonal Affective Disorder
Conlon, K. et al: Preventing cold-related morbidity and mortality in a changing climate