Every year, numerous wildfires threaten ecosystems all over the world, resulting in an increase in human health risk. Given the widespread nature of these events it is important for health professionals to learn about the health implications of wildfires.

Contribute to "a nation of resilient communities " by educating yourself and others on disaster health topics related to wildfires. NCDMPH has gathered resources for health professionals for all wildfire related events. By providing these resources, the National Center aims to foster resilience through learning. The organization of this content is intended to facilitate self-directed learning as well as provide materials for educators. This is an initial effort and we will continue to add to these resources.

Ideas for educators who are teaching health professionals interested in learning content or activities related to health impacts of wildfires may be found here .

-- Background --

Fires and Wildfires. NLM Disaster Information Management Resource Center

Wildfires. CDC

Wildfires. OSHA

Vegetation Fires. World Health Organization

Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center. The Lessons Learned Center (LLC)

Wildfires. National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Fire Safety Fact Sheet - Wildfires. PDF  CDC

-- Resources: Preparedness and Mitigation --

Wildfire - Are you Prepared? FEMA

Fire Safe Seniors Toolkit. CDC, US Fire Administration

Wildfire Safety Outreach Materials. US Fire Administration

Summertime Burn Safety. US Fire Administration

Fire Adapted Communities. Fire Adapted Communities Coalition

Protect Yourself from Wildfire Smoke. CDC

Your Role in Fire-Adapted Communities: PDF How the fire service, local officials, and the public can work together. U.S. Fire Administration.

Wildfire Emergency Response Plan. PDF  Arizona Department of Health Services

Flood after Fire Risk. PDF  FloodSmart.gov.

Blake SC, Howard DH, Eiring H, Tarde S. San Diego's area coordinator system: a disaster preparedness model for US Nursing homes. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012 Dec;6(4):424-7. doi: 10.1001/dmp.2012.65

-- Resources: Health Impacts of Wildfires --

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Wildfire-Related Deaths --- Texas. CDC

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Monitoring Health Effects of Wildfires Using the BioSense System --- San Diego County, California. CDC

After the Fire: Your Emotional and Physical Well-Being. CDC

Kochi I, Loomis J, Champ P, Donovan G. Health and Economic Impact of Wildfires: Literature Review. PDF  2008

Finlay SE, Moffat A, Gazzard R, Baker D, Murray V. Health Impacts of Wildfires. PLoS Curr. 2012 Nov 2;4:e4f959951cce2c. doi: 10.1371/4f959951cce2c

Health Risks of Wildfires for Children - Acute Phase. PDF  American Academy of Pediatrics

-- Resources: Environmental Health Impacts --

Wildfire Research Confirms Health Hazards of Peat Fire Smoke. Environmental Protection Agency

Fields and Forests in Flames: Vegetation Smoke and Human Health. National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences. Environmental Health Perspectives

Fields and Forests in Flames: Lead and Mercury Emissions from Wildfire Pyrogenic Activity. National Institutes of Environmental Health. Environmental Health Perspectives

Smoke from Agricultural and Forest Fires. AirNow Web Site

Wildfire Smoke: A Guide for Public Health Officials. PDF  Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA)

-- Resources: Psychosocial --

Children's Psychosocial Needs in Disasters. NCDMPH.

Recovering from the Wildfires. American Psychological Association

Marshall GN, Schell TL, Elliott MN, Rayburn NR, Jaycox LH. Psychiatric disorders among adults seeking emergency disaster assistance after a wildland-urban interface fire. Psychiatr Serv. 2007 Apr;58(4):509-14

Wasiak J, Mahar P, Lee S, Paul E, Spinks A, Pfitzer B, Cleland H, Gabbe B. 12-Month generic health status and psychological distress outcomes following an Australian natural disaster experience. Injury. 2012 Sep 25. doi:pii: S0020-1383(12)00371-3. 10.1016/j.injury.2012.08.060

Papanikolaou V, Adamis D, Mellon RC, Prodromitis G. Psychological distress following wildfires disaster in a rural part of Greece. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2011;13(1):11-26

SAMHSA. Post-Disaster Retraumatization: Risk and Protective Factors.  YouTube 

-- Resources: Health Systems Impacts --

Dohrenwend PB, Le MV, Bush JA, Thomas CF. The impact on emergency department visits for respiratory illness during the southern California wildfires. West J Emerg Med. 2013 Mar;14(2):79-84. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2012.10.6917

Schranz CI, Castillo EM, Vilke GM. The 2007 San Diego Wildfire impact on the Emergency Department of the University of California, San Diego Hospital System. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2010 Sep-Oct;25(5):472-6

Hoyt KS, Gerhart AE. The San Diego County wildfires: perspectives of healthcare providers. Disaster Manag Response. 2004 Apr-Jun;2(2):46-52

Richardson DB, Kumar S. Emergency response to the Canberra bushfires. Med J Aust. 2004 Jul 5;181(1):40-2

-- Resources: Evacuation and Sheltering --

Tracking and Reunification of Children in Disasters. National Center for Disaster Medicine and Public Health (NCDMPH)

Evacuating During a Wildfire. PDF  Arizona Emergency Information Network

The New Generation Fire Shelter. PDF National Wildfire Coordinating Group

Barnett J, Dennis-Rouse M, Martinez V. Wildfire Disaster leads to Facilities Evacuation. Orthop Nurs. 2009 Jan-Feb;28(1):17-20. doi: 10.1097/01.NOR.0000345849.32424.0a