Resilience Through Learning - Earthquakes

Earthquakes and their aftermath can cause serious devastation to health and infrastructure, as they often occur in heavily populated urban areas and happen without any warning. More than one million earthquakes occur every year worldwide, and the health effects caused by them are unique and are complicated by the potential damages caused to the health infrastructure.

Contribute to "a nation of resilient communities" by educating yourself and others on disaster health topics related to earthquakes. NCDMPH has gathered resources for health professionals for all earthquake related events. By providing these resources, the National Center aims to foster resilience through learning. The organization of this content is intended to facilitate self-directed learning as well as provide materials for educators. This is an initial effort and we will continue to add to these resources.


Latest updates are indicated by under individual sections.

-- Background --

Peleg, Kellerman. Medical Relief After Earthquakes: It's Time for a New Paradigm. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 59(3):188-190.

National Library of Medicine Disaster Information Management Resource Center: Earthquakes

CDC Emergency Preparedness & Response: Earthquakes

US Geological Survey: Earthquakes

US Geological Survey: Earthquakes with 1,000 or more deaths since 1900

US Geological Survey: Earthquakes 101

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction: Earthquakes caused the deadliest disasters in the past decade

FEMA Earthquake publications

FEMA: What to do Before, During, and After an Earthquake

FEMA: Earthquake Safety Checklist

FEMA: Earthquake Home Hazard Hunt

CDC, NIOSH: Earthquake Cleanup and Response Resources


-- Resources: Health Impacts --

Bartels & VanRooyen - Medical Complications Associated with Earthquakes. Lancet 2012; 379: 748-57

The Cochrane Library: Cochrane Evidence Aid: Resources for earthquakes

Barbour, V. Earthquakes, cyclones, tsunamis, floods, and volcanoes - assessing the human impact of each. PLoS Currents Disasters 2013

USGS: Societal Effects of Earthquakes

PLoS: Tempesta - Long Term impact of earthquakes on sleep quality

Doocy, et al. The Human Impact of Earthquakes: a Historical Review of Events 1980-2009 and Systematic Literature Review. PLoS Currents Disasters 2013

Hata, Shiro. Cardiovascular disease caused by earthquake-induced stress. Circ J 2009; 73: 1195-96

Gonzalez, Darlo. Crush Syndrome. Crit Care Med 2005; 33 (1):S34-41

World Health Organization (WHO): Best Practice Guidelines on Emergency Surgical Care in Disaster Situations  PDF 


-- Resources: Psychosocial --

NCDMPH: Children's Psychosocial Needs in Disasters

NLM DIMRC: Coping with Disasters, Violence, and Traumatic Events

CDC: Coping with a disaster or traumatic event

National Child Traumatic Stress Network: Earthquakes

Bland et al: long-term psych effects of natural disasters PDF  Psychosomatic Medicine 1996; 58:18-24

SAMHSA. Post-Disaster Retraumatization: Risk and Protective Factors.  YouTube 


-- Resources: Community Health Recovery --

Resources for community and public health leaders to aid in the community's short- and long-term recovery following an earthquake

NCDMPH: Reuniting Children in Disasters

FEMA: Long-Term Recovery

American Red Cross: Recovering After a Disaster

American Red Cross & World Wildlife Fund: Green Recovery & Reconstruction Toolkit

Bay Area Governments: Community Resilience

Bay Area Governments: Recovery Toolkits:

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)

UNISDR: Hyogo Framework for Action