Learning Objectives & Activities

Tornadoes: Ideas for Educators of Health Professionals
Updated January 15, 2014

Below are ideas for educators who are teaching health professionals and may wish to develop learning content or activities related to health impacts of tornadoes. These ideas should be customized based on the learners, their needs, scope of practice, and the educational context.

Options for Learning Objectives:

At the end of the learning activity, the learner will be able to:

  1. Describe the clinical, behavioral health, and public health implications of tornadoes.

  2. State ways in which health professionals can contribute to preparedness for, response to, and recovery from tornadoes given their scope of practice.

  3. Discuss how expectations from the following perspectives shape their behaviors in a tornado disaster:

    • individual

    • family (significant others)

    • organization

    • profession

    • community

Options for Learning Activities:

  1. Walk through the resources [Resilience Through Learning] online during class and discuss their applicability and utility for the learner.

  2. Lead a class discussion about the health impacts of tornadoes. Possible discussion questions are:

    • What are the distributions of injuries and deaths from tornadoes? List the top two types of injuries and describe the key risk factors.

    • What are the public health implications of tornadoes?

    • Are there unique behavioral health considerations for tornado disasters?

    • What are some gaps in our knowledge about the health impacts of tornadoes?

    • How can you as a health professional, within your scope of practice, contribute to the preparedness for, response to, and recovery from a tornado?

    • In the context of a tornado disaster, consider the following:
      What do you expect of yourself?
      What does your family (significant others) expect of you?
      What does your organization expect of you?
      What does your profession expect of you?
      What does the community expect of you?

  3. Invite learners to work in small groups to draft a public service announcement for your county on actions citizens should take to reduce injury and death before tornado impact, and a separate public service announcement for similar safety actions after tornado impact.

  4. Volunteers in Tornado Disasters: Generate a discussion about the role of volunteers in responding to tornadoes. Does this type of disaster pose different challenges for volunteer response? Ask if any of the learners are involved in ESAR-VHP (http://phe.gov/esarvhp/Pages/default.aspx) or Medical Reserve Corps (https://www.medicalreservecorps.gov/HomePage). If so, provide an opportunity for them to describe their involvement. Make links to these programs available to learners.

  5. Invite a member of another health profession or another specialty within your profession to discuss interprofessional coordination and collaboration necessary in response to a tornado. Discuss barriers to such interprofessional coordination and collaboration.